Prof. habil. dr. Rimantas Barauskas
Kauno Technologijos Universitetas, Informatikos fak.
Taikomosios informatikos katedra

Determination of river hydromorphological features in low-2 land rivers from aerial imagery and direct measurements using 3 machine learning algorithms
Vytautas Akstinas, Andrius Kriščiūnas, Arminas Šidlauskas, Dalia Čalnerytė, Diana Meilutytė-Lukauskienė, Darius Jakimavičius, Tautvydas Fyleris, Serhii Nazarenko, Rimantas Barauskas.

Hydromorphology of rivers assessed by direct measurements is a time-consuming and relatively expensive procedure. The rapid development of unmanned aerial vehicles and machine learning (ML) technologies enables the usage of aerial images to determine hydromorphological units (HMUs) automatically. The application of various direct and indirect data sources and their combinations for the determination of river HMUs from aerial images, was the main aim of this research. Aerial images with and without the Sobel filter, a layer of boulders identified using Yolov5x6, and a layer of direct measurements of depth and streamflow velocity were used as data sources. Three ML models were constructed for the cases if one, two, or three data sources were used. The ML models for HMU segmentation were constructed of MobileNetV2 pre-trained on ImageNet data for the feature extraction part and U-net for the segmentation part. The stratified K-23 fold cross-validation with five folds was carried out to evaluate the performance of the model due to the limited dataset. The analysis of the ML results showed that the measured metrics of segmentation using direct measurements were close to the ones of the model trained only on the combination of boulder layer and aerial images with the Sobel filter. The obtained results demonstrated the potential of the applied approach for the determination of HMUs only from the aerial images and provided a basis for further development to increase its accuracy.
PublikacijaWater, 2022, 14
Grįžti į sąrašą